Varicose veins – the term referring to vein condition and naming dilated and gnarled blood vessels commonly developing in legs. To learn how to prevent varicose veins one should know the risk factors inducing the disease. Among the most typical risk factors there are:
- Biological sex – women are more likely to develop the condition than men. This is because of fashionable high heels, hormonal shifts as pregnancy, taking birth pills or getting some other hormonal treatment, menopause.
- Age – with age body tissues lose their elasticity. Valves inside damaged veins start functioning improperly. During the life veins get numerous traumas and damages.
- Genetics is another risk factor. People may inherit weak veins thus getting in the group of high risk. If a person has the disease in family profile then all possible measures of ow to prevent varicose veins should be taken in advance.
- Obesity – excessive weight places more pressure over veins.
- Slow lifestyle or lack of movement – staying or sitting in one position for long periods of time affects the blood flow in the leg veins and puts extra pressure on them pumping blood to the heart. People who like crossing the legs are also at higher risk of varicose veins as in this case they mechanically interrupt the blood flow.
- Wearing tight clothes and neglecting special elastic supporting stockings. Tight clothes interrupts the blood flow as well.
Knowing the risk factors you will know how to prevent varicose veins.
- Healthy lifestyle – lots of movement helps your veins to better pump the blood and reduces pressure on them. Women are advised to give preference to comfortable shoes instead of high heels or change the shoes during the day to let the legs and veins relax. More exercising will strengthen the legs and veins, reduce varicose veins pain and improve blood circulation. Walking and hiking are the best alternative to gym workouts as these activities minimize the damaging of joints. Another simple but effective recommendation is elevating legs when resting as high as possible.
- Healthy foods – veins may get damaged not only mechanically when a person gets trauma. Improper nutrition also affects the state of the veins. Increased consumption of fats may clog the veins while fiber enriched foods lowers cholesterol and reduces blood pressure. Eating less slat also helps to prevent varicose veins. Reduced intake of salt minimizes the swelling in veins and water retention in the body.
- Healthy weight – excessive weight adds pressure on legs and veins. Losing weight will improve blood circulation and overall veins condition.
The are also several recommendations following which you will sufficiently reduce the risk of the disease and will prevent varicose veins.
Massage is one of the old practices helping people to cope with many diseases. Massage your legs regularly moving from knees to feet. Soft massaging moves will relax toned muscles and veins. Besides, it is a pure pleasure!
There are some physical exercises which you can do even at work with nobody even noticing you working out your legs. Tense your calf muscles as much as you can and then relax. Repeat this exercise when you sit or stand for a long time in one position.
A patient should follow these advices even getting treatment. Unfortunately the condition may return after treatment of a person neglects the simplest rules of how to prevent varicose veins.