Seizures (Convulsions, Epilepsy)

– Paroxysmal episodes of sudden, involuntary muscle contractions and alterations in consciousness, behavior, sensation, and autonomic functioning. The episodes may be partial (simple, complex) or generalized (absence,myoclonic, tonic, clonic, tonic-clonic) and are labeled epilepsy if they are recurrent.
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Shingles (Herpes Zoster)

– An acute, central nervous system infection involving the dorsal root ganglia that is characterized by vesicular eruption and neuralgic pain in various areas of the skin.
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Skin Cancer

– Skin cancers can be divided into two groups: melanomas and nonmelanomas. Three distinct types of nevi (moles) give rise to melanomas: common acquired, dysplastic, and congenital melanocytic; they produce four types of melanoma: superficial spreading (70%), nodular (15%), lentigomaligna (less than 10%), and acrolentiginous (less than 5%). Nonmelanomas are typically either basal cell or squamous cell in origin.
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Spina Bifida

– A developmental malformation of the spine in which the posterior vertebral laminae fail to close, leaving the meninges and spinal cord exposed. There are three common types: spina bifida occulta, in which the only defect is vertebral and the meninges and spinal cord are normal; spina bifida with meningocele, in which the meninges protrude through the vertebral opening, forming a cyst filled with cerebrospinal fluid and covered with skin; and spina bifida with myelomeningocele, in which the protruding cyst also contains a portion of the spinal cord and spinal nerves and is covered by a thin membrane.
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