Eczema is a term regarding a group of non-contagious skin diseases with common symptoms of skin irritation and inflammation. There are many variations of the disease such as hand eczema, nummular eczema, dyshidrotic eczema. etc. The most commonly diagnosed type of eczema is atopic dermatitis or atopic eczema with eczema herpeticum being its most common complication.
However not every skin change followed with itching, redness and irritation is a sort of eczema.
Eczema should be differentiated from other skin diseases. When some symptoms appear a patient must visit a doctor to get necessary tests done. Only dermatologist ca distinguish eczema from other skin diseases as psoriasis, fungal dermatitis, herpes zoster as the symptoms of early cases of these diseases are very similar. The earliest symptoms of any sun disease are redness, sensitivity, itching, skin damages and sores which ca n be caused by disease itself or by a patient scratching the irritated part of skin. Only thorough testing can diagnose a disease.
There is no cure for eczema, however there are effective ways to curb the disease and live a symptom-free life. Eczema is rather manageable. To cope with eczema successfully a patient should understand what eczema is, what triggers the disease and how to live with eczema.
It is not recommended to try self-treatment and any of known traditional (folk) methods of curing the disease. By now the true reasons of eczema occurrence on the skin are unknown. People first learned about eczema in the 2nd century BC. Since that time we have learned how to manage and control the disease, but even the might of modern pharmacology, the knowledge of people and modern medications can not stop the disease forever or prevent the disease. By now it is known that the reasons of disease are rooted in changes and dysfunction of nervous system. The abnormality of nervous system functioning causes disorders in endocrine system functioning. These disorders worsen the state of nervous system and we get going round the circle.
The first stage of the disease appears as erythema (or redness) followed by itching and skin discomfort. The erythema hits different parts of body and ca be localized anywhere. However the most common locations are hands, elbows, palms, legs and knees. Less often eczema hits neck and face in adults. Baby eczema on the contrary appears on face and neck and then progresses to other parts of the body. Erythema is an initial state of the disease. If detected on this stage eczema can be easily curbed till complete fading away.
The second stage of the disease development features vesicular rash. Small blisters appear on the damaged with erythema parts of the skin, then burst and open weeping sores. Weeping sores are the third part of disease progress. The final stage of eczema on the skin is covering with crusts which can crack and damage the skin again.
Acute forms of eczema are followed with severe symptoms, while chronic eczema recurrence performs less intense symptoms and runs easier for a patient.